Research Student: Juntao Lyu
The Health Inequalities and Health Care Delivery Patterns Among Chinese Migrant Workers in Shanghai
My research proposal is about the health care delivery patterns of Chinese migrant workers in Shanghai. The objective of my research is to investigate how health care delivery is delivered to low paid migrant workers in urban settings and to explain how it impacts on their health conditions.
Shanghai is China’s largest city. With rapid economic growth and abundant employment opportunities, Shanghai has continued to attract a large number of migrant workers from the rural areas of China. In 2015, this ‘floating population’ were around 9.8 million and constituted 40 percent of Shanghai’s population (Shanghai Statistical Bureau, 2016). Although the increasing number of migrants plays an important role in economic growth as a source of cheap labour, they face social challenges, such as social exclusion, poverty and lack of healthcare. For instance, from 2007 to 2015, the average infant mortality rate (IMR) of migrant workers in Shanghai was 7.12 per thousand, which is significantly higher than of the non-migrants (2.86 per thousand) over the same period (Shanghai Municipal Commission of Health and Family planning, 2016). In fact, the increasing inequalities of migrant workers have already attracted a lot of public attention. However, the health conditions of Chinese migrant workers have been ignored as many people only considering them as a source of labour.
I am from a rural area of Henan province in China. My parents migrated to Shanghai so I also often live in Shanghai. But I am still keeping the rural Hukou (Chinese household registration) of my hometown.
I obtained my BA in Law from the Anyang Normal University in Henan province and my MA in Law from the China University of Political Science and Law in Beijing.
I studied in Sociology. The main concern of my research is about Chinese migrant workers, who migrant from rural areas to urban areas in search of employment opportunities, since they have been being marginalised from the rapid urbanization in China.
What motivated me to undertake PhD study?
As Sociology is still not a mature subject in China, undertaking a more professional PhD academic training in the UK is a good way to contribute on improving and strengthening the sociological research quality in China. I believe that better sociological research will help people having a better understanding of our societies, which will bring some real improvements into our societies.
What makes me passionate about my subject?
I am interested in cultural diversity and am especially keen to learn about how people consisted of societies differently. I chose Sociology as I believe that people have the capacity to carry on understanding others, and I would like to explore the way to make it easier.
What are my plans once I have completed my PhD?
I would like to continue my academic career as a researcher. Alternatively, it would be good to work in an international organization, such as WHO.